Henry S. Salt is probably not well-known today but he wrote nearly 40 books most of which cogently argued and urged for some much needed humane reforms in prisons, schools, in the economic organizations of society at large, and in the treatment of animals. He had a profound influence on Gandhi whom he introduced to Thoreau 's writings via his own book on the then little known writer. Gandhi himself acknowledged the intellectual debt to Thoreau's essay on "civil disobedience" and Henry Salt in his own formulation of civil disobedience and non-violent non-cooperation. Chesterton, H. Though well-educated and destined for a lucrative career, Henry Salt choose to live a modest and very frugal life of a reform writer.
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He was a noted ethical vegetarian , anti- vivisectionist , socialist , and pacifist , and was well known as a literary critic, biographer, classical scholar and naturalist. It was Salt who first introduced Mohandas Gandhi to the influential works of Henry David Thoreau , and influenced Gandhi's study of vegetarianism.
Salt is credited with being the first writer to argue explicitly in favour of animal rights , in his Animals' Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress , rather than focusing on improvements to animal welfare. He wrote: "If we are ever going to do justice to the lower races, we must get rid of the antiquated notion of a 'great gulf' fixed between them and mankind, and must recognize the common bond of humanity that unites all living beings in one universal brotherhood.
The son of a British army colonel, Salt was born in Naini Tal in India in , but returned with his family to England in while still an infant. He studied the classical tripos at Eton College and King's College, Cambridge , and graduated with a first-class degree in After Cambridge, Salt returned to Eton as an assistant schoolmaster to teach classics.
Four years later, in , he married the scholar Catherine Kate Leigh Joynes, the daughter of a fellow master at Eton.
Salt engrossed himself in writing and began work on the pioneering Humanitarian League. During his lifetime Salt wrote almost 40 books. He also wrote, in On Cambrian and Cumbrian Hills , about the need for nature conservation to protect the natural beauty of the British countryside from commercial vandalism.
Salt formed the Humanitarian League in Its objectives included the banning of hunting as a sport in this respect it can be regarded as a forerunner of the League Against Cruel Sports. In , the League published a whole volume of essays on Killing for Sport , the preface was written by George Bernard Shaw.
The book formed in summary form the Humanitarian League's arraignment of blood-sports. Keith Tester writes that, in , Salt created an " epistemological break," by being the first writer to consider the issue of animal rights explicitly, as opposed to better animal welfare. Even the leading advocates of animal rights seem to have shrunk from basing their claim on the only argument which can ultimately be held to be a really sufficient one—the assertion that animals, as well as men, though, of course, to a far less extent than men, are possessed of a distinctive individuality, and, therefore, are in justice entitled to live their lives with a due measure of that 'restricted freedom' to which Herbert Spencer alludes.
He wrote that there is no point in claiming rights for animals if we subordinate their rights to human interests, and he argued against the presumption that a human life necessarily has more value than a nonhuman one:. If we are ever going to do justice to the lower races, we must get rid of the antiquated notion of a 'great gulf' fixed between them and mankind, and must recognize the common bond of humanity that unites all living beings in one universal brotherhood.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Henry Salt. British India. Surrey , England. Catherine Kate Leigh Joynes m. Salt's book Plea for Vegetarianism whetted my appetite for dietetic studies.
I went in for all books available on vegetarianism and read them". Gandhi, a Biography. He cited Spencer's definition of rights: "Every man is free to do that which he wills, provided he infringes not the equal liberty of any other man Whoever admits that each man must have a certain restricted freedom, asserts that it is right he should have this restricted freedom And hence the several particular freedoms deducible may fitly be called, as they commonly are called, his rights.
Henry S. Salt Society. Retrieved 23 October Animals and Ethics. Broadview Press, , p. Animal rights. Carol J. Clark Alasdair Cochrane J. Magel Mary Midgley J. Rowley Richard D. Veganism and vegetarianism. Vegetarians Vegans Vegetarian festivals Vegetarian organizations Vegetarian restaurants List of vegan media.
List of vegetarian and vegan companies. Elisa Aaltola Carol J. Adams Martin Balluch Neal D. McDougall James E. Williams Laura Wright. Howard Moore Reuben D. Semi-vegetarianism Macrobiotic diet Pescetarianism Juice fasting Vegetarian and vegan dog diet Vegetarian and vegan symbolism List of vegan media.
Mahatma Gandhi. Swami Anand C. Categories : births deaths Alumni of King's College, Cambridge Animal rights scholars Animal testing in the United Kingdom Anti-vivisectionists British social reformers English activists English atheists English autobiographers English essayists English humanitarians English literary critics English male non-fiction writers English naturalists English pacifists English socialists People educated at Eton College Vegetarianism activists.
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A plea for vegetarianism, and other essays
Publication date Topics Vegetarianism Publisher Manchester, Vegetarian Society Collection usdanationalagriculturallibrary; fedlink; americana Digitizing sponsor U. The author died in , so this work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or fewer. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published or registered with the U. Copyright Office before January 1,
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