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Gonococcal arthritis is a type of septic arthritis. This is inflammation of a joint due to a bacterial or fungal infection. Gonococcal arthritis is an infection of a joint.
It occurs in people who have gonorrhea , which is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal arthritis is a complication of gonorrhea. Gonococcal arthritis affects women more often than men. It is most common among sexually active teen girls. Gonococcal arthritis occurs when the bacteria spread through the blood to a joint.
Sometimes, more than one joint is infected. Tests will be done to check for a gonorrhea infection. This may involve taking samples of tissue, joint fluids, or other body material and sending them to a lab for examination under a microscope. Examples of such tests include:. There are two aspects of treating a sexually transmitted disease, especially one as easily spread as gonorrhea. The first is to cure the infected person. The second is to locate, test, and treat all sexual contacts of the infected person.
This is done to prevent further spread of the disease. Some locations allow you to take counseling information and treatment to your partner s yourself. In other locations, the health department will contact your partner s. Your provider will determine the best and most up-to-date treatment.
A follow-up visit 7 days after treatment is important if the infection was complicated, to recheck blood tests and confirm that the infection was cured. Symptoms usually improve within 1 to 2 days of starting treatment.
Full recovery can be expected. Not having sexual intercourse abstinence is the only sure method to prevent gonorrhea. A monogamous sexual relationship with a person who you know does not have any sexually transmitted disease STD can reduce your risk. Monogamous means you and your partner do not have sex with any other people. You can greatly lower your risk for infection with an STD by practicing safer sex. Condoms are available for both men and women , but they are most commonly worn by the man.
A condom must be used properly every time. Bacterial arthritis. Kelly and Firestein's Textbook of Rheumatology. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap Neisseria gonorrhoeae gonorrhea. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Updated by: Jatin M. Editorial team. Gonococcal arthritis. Gonococcal arthritis is inflammation of a joint due to a gonorrhea infection.
Symptoms of joint infection may include: Fever Joint pain for 1 to 4 days Pain in the hands or wrists due to tendon inflammation Pain or burning during urination Single joint pain Skin rash sores are slightly raised, pink to red, and may later contain pus or appear purple. Exams and Tests. The health care provider will perform a physical examination and ask about the symptoms.
Examples of such tests include: Cervical gram stain Culture of joint aspirate Joint fluid gram stain Throat culture Urine test for gonorrhea. The gonorrhea infection must be treated. Outlook Prognosis. Possible Complications. Untreated, this condition may lead to persistent joint pain.
When to Contact a Medical Professional. Call your provider if you have symptoms of gonorrhea or gonococcal arthritis. Treating all sexual partners is essential to prevent re-infection. Alternative Names. Gonorrhea Read more.
Infectious Arthritis Read more.
Gonococcal arthritis is a type of septic arthritis. This is inflammation of a joint due to a bacterial or fungal infection. Gonococcal arthritis is an infection of a joint. It occurs in people who have gonorrhea , which is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal arthritis is a complication of gonorrhea. Gonococcal arthritis affects women more often than men.