Year , Volume 7 , Issue 48, Pages 63 - 81 Zotero Mendeley EndNote. References Abbate-Daga, G. Attachment insecurity, personality, and body dissatisfaction in eating disorders. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 7 , Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties.
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This study is a literatu e review regarding bady image in adolescence. The factors effecting importance of body image, weight control behavior and commonly used weight control methods are examined. Based on the general findings of the studies, a risk group is defined for the eating disorder.
Moreover, prevention studies of eating disorders are mentioned and suggestions are made for the prevention studies in Turkey.
Summary Adolescence is a period that the individual tries to form a balance between his personal and social identity. While the personal identity develops by the personal experiences, social identity is formed by the image created in the environment. In the recent studies besides the academic, social and emotional identity body image has been examined and supported in terms of self-evaluation. Due to the importance of completing the develapmental tasks in adolescence, it is essential that the adolescent accepts his body image.
Body image has a cognitive perspective that includes perception of the body and body related experiences and an emotional perspective as the satisfaction with the physical appearance. However, in both there is subjectivity Davis, In relation to body image, weight control is commonly observed during adolescence.
Mainly four factors 1 physical status, 2 perception of the body, 3 importance of body image, and 4 weight control behaviors influence the weight control in adolescence. Oleler ages are associated with negative attributions as weakness, deformatian of the body, and depression and commonly perceived as bad fortune Davis, Therefore, it is observed that body image has continued its meaning during older ages.
Body perception is alsa a significant factor in weight control. Why body image is important? For same adolescent body image does not have the same impact as for the others. There are same factors that affect the importance of body image among adolescents. The other factar is the personality. The other factar is the cultural and ethical status. According to Davis , eating disorders are more commonly experienced in North America and European countries than the other develaping countries.
It is also found that Asian women are more satisfied with their body images and according to Lee , risk of easting disorders is ve ry low in Africa, China and India.
Sex role and sex role development are the other important factors. According to the studies male homosexuals and female heterosexuals are more interested in body image Davis, The other factor is the family. According to Haworth Hopeppner , adolescents who grow up in a family environment without love, where weight control behaviors are commonly emphasized, authoritarian attitude and pushing family control experienced are inclined to eating disorders.
Media is the other factor. According to the studies the beauty image created by the media has an impact on adolescents Hogan, Weight Control Methods The basic body control method is dieting.
Especially amongfemales diet is very common. The other commonly used method is exercİsing. Therefore, the tendency towards exercise is based more on its effect on physical appearance than its importance to health. Sport is the other weight control behavior among adolescents. The other weight control method is using diet products, eating in smail portions, using diet pills and excessive eating and vomiting. Prevention Studies for Eating Disorders Excessive usage of weight control methods and the importance of body image for adolescents sametimes result in eating disorders.
According to this, earlyand middle aged adolescents, who have a depressive mode and low self-esteem, who are peifectionist, dissatisfied with their bodies and frequently dieting, who have a tendency to perceive their actual bodies different than their actual bodies, who grow up in judging family environments where dieting is commonly mentioned may have a tendeney to have a eating disorder.
There are prevention studies in other countries. For effective prevention programs cognitive strategies can be used in clinical environments, workshops and seminars, and selfacceptance group programs can be organized, health education can be included to school curriculums, family oriented programs can be prepared, and positive effect of sports can be used as a tool. Hepsinde Makalelerde Bildirilerde Yazarlarda.
Abstract : This study is a literatu e review regarding bady image in adolescence. Keywords : Body image , factors effecting weight control behaviors , weight control methods ,.
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