For an imaging pathway on the best modalities in accurate staging of cervical cancer: see reference 9. M1: Distant mets including peritoneal spread, involvement of supraclavicular, mediastinal or para-aortic lymph nodes, lung, liver or bone. Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. Updating… Please wait. Unable to process the form.
|Published (Last):||25 August 2012|
|PDF File Size:||13.25 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.77 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
After someone is diagnosed with cervical cancer, doctors will try to figure out if it has spread, and if so, how far. This process is called staging. The stage of a cancer describes the extent of the cancer in the body. It helps determine how serious the cancer is and how best to treat it. The stage is one of the most important factors in deciding how to treat the cancer and determining how successful treatment might be. Information from exams and tests is used to determine the size of the tumor, how deeply the tumor has invaded tissues in and around the cervix, and its spread to distant places metastasis.
For more information see Cancer Staging. The FIGO International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging system is used most often for cancers of the female reproductive organs, including cervical cancer. For cervical cancer, the clinical stage is used and is based on the results of the doctor's physical exam, biopsies, imaging tests, and a few other tests that are done in some cases, such as cystoscopy and proctoscopy.
It is not based on what is found during surgery. If surgery is done, a pathologic stage can be determined from the findings at surgery, but it does not change your clinical stage.
Your treatment plan is based on the clinical stage. As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage IV, means a more advanced cancer.
And within a stage, an earlier letter means a lower stage. Cancers with similar stages tend to have a similar outlook and are often treated in much the same way. Cervical cancer staging can be complex. If you have any questions about your stage, please ask your doctor to explain it to you in a way you understand.
An explanation of the FIGO system is in the stage table below. The cancer has grown beyond the cervix and uterus, but hasn't spread to the walls of the pelvis or the lower part of the vagina.
The cancer has grown beyond the cervix and uterus but has not spread into the tissues next to the cervix called the parametria.
The cancer has grown beyond the cervix and uterus and has spread into the tissues next to the cervix the parametria. The cancer has spread to the lower part of the vagina or the walls of the pelvis. The cancer may be blocking the ureters tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The cancer has spread to distant organs outside the pelvic area, such as distant lymph nodes, lungs or bones.
FIGO Stage. The cancer cells have grown from the surface of the cervix into deeper tissues of the cervix. Cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes. Cancer has not spread to distant sites. There is a very small amount of cancer, and it can be seen only under a microscope.
It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes. It has not spread to distant sites. It not has not spread to nearby lymph nodes. The cancer is at least 2 cm in size but not larger than 4 cm.
The cancer is at least 4 cm in size and limited to the cervix. The cancer is 4 cm or larger. It might or might not have not spread to nearby lymph nodes. The cancer has spread to the lower part of the vagina but not the walls of the pelvis. The cancer can be any size.
The cancer has grown into the bladder or rectum or to far away organs like the lungs or bones. The cancer has spread to the bladder or rectum or it is growing out of the pelvis.
Actualización de la estadificación de cáncer de cuello uterino
Cervical Cancer Stages