The current Constitution of Romania is the seventh permanent constitution in modern Romania 's history. It is the fundamental governing document of Romania that establishes the structure of its government, the rights and obligations of citizens, and its mode of passing laws. It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. It was adopted on 21 November and approved on 8 December in a national referendum and promulgated on the same day. The constitution was amended once by a referendum on 18 October
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The current Constitution of Romania is the seventh permanent constitution in modern Romania 's history. It is the fundamental governing document of Romania that establishes the structure of its government, the rights and obligations of citizens, and its mode of passing laws.
It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. It was adopted on 21 November and approved on 8 December in a national referendum and promulgated on the same day. The constitution was amended once by a referendum on 18 October The new text took effect on 29 October Regulamentul Organic , voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in , was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities.
Although the newly minted state was nominally still a vassal of the Ottoman Empire , it only acknowledged the suzerainty of the Sublime Porte in a formal way. The first constitution of the Romanian United Principalities was adopted 1 July It was retained after Romania became a kingdom in After the extension of national territory in , a new constitution was approved 29 March Antonescu broke his alliance with the Guard in , and ruled by decree until his overthrow in The constitution was reinstated pending the adoption of a new constitution see Romania during World War II.
The monarchy was abolished in In March , the first constitution of Communist Romania was adopted; it was heavily modeled on the Soviet constitution. Following the collapse of the Communist regime in , much of the document was suspended, though portions remained in effect until the present document was adopted in The Constitution was composed by a committee of parliamentarians and constitutional law specialists; was approved by Parliament , meeting as a Constituent Assembly, by a vote of to 95 on 21 November , being published in Monitorul Oficial the same day; and was approved by referendum on 8 December , with The Constitution contains 7 titles and articles.
The form of government is a republic, headed by a president who serves a five-year term and is eligible for a second term. After the prime minister is named by the president, Parliament validates the composition and programme of the Government and can dismiss it following a motion of censure.
The constitution provides for fundamental civic rights and freedoms, and creates the office of Romanian Ombudsman to ensure these are respected. The Constitution was first amended in The opposition  and NGOs  alleged serious irregularities. It came into force ten days later.
The issue of constitutional reform was raised repeatedly in the early s, especially after a major political crisis in the second half of A public debate began in and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Constitution was established. The referendum failed as the turnout was only From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fundamental governing document of Romania. The current version of the Constitution of Romania, as published in the Official Gazette of 31 October , following the approval of amendments in a referendum on 18 October.
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1866 Constitution of Romania
The Constitution of Romania was the fundamental law that capped a period of nation-building in the Danubian Principalities , which had united in Drafted in a short time and closely modeled on the Constitution of Belgium , then considered Europe's most liberal, it was substantially modified by Prince later King Carol and adopted by the Constituent Assembly. The newly installed Prince then promulgated it on 13 July N. This was done without input from the major powers, including the Ottoman Empire , which still had formal sovereignty over Romania. The document proclaimed Romania a constitutional monarchy. Like its Belgian counterpart, it was bourgeois-liberal in character, declaring that the government was organised on the basis of separation of powers and on the principle of national sovereignty.