DUAL MANDATE LUGARD PDF

Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? A survey of the historical and international aspects of colonial rule in Africa. Read more Read less. Amazon International Store International products have separate terms, are sold from abroad and may differ from local products, including fit, age ratings, and language of product, labeling or instructions.

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Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? A survey of the historical and international aspects of colonial rule in Africa. Read more Read less. Amazon International Store International products have separate terms, are sold from abroad and may differ from local products, including fit, age ratings, and language of product, labeling or instructions.

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Write a customer review. Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon. Frederick Lugard helped conquer and rule Uganda, Nyasaland and Nigeria. After his "man-of-action" days, he shaped colonial policies til his death in ; his major statements came in this work, the bible of British Indirect Rule.

Today Lord Lugard's naive ethnocentrism and even crude racism are clear enough. Many facts and suggestions in this hoary "current affairs" book are also naturally dated, but even harsh critics tacitly share the basic principles Lugard outlined.

Briefly, the "dual mandate" says that foreign powers have a duty to develop Africa's resources to benefit both Africa and the whole world. In reality European empires also the US set most economic policy in their favor, but since Africa must still engage with the world to sell its products, the challenge remains crucial.

Most later development strategies accepted this implicitly, but much recent exploitation of Africa's wealth drops any pretense of aiding peoplewitness the endless conflicts in resource-rich Congo and Sudan, and corporate collusion in Nigeria.

Despite biases, Lugard deserves credit for frankly assessing Africa's complex global role. Perham's "Lugard" admiringly tells his story in two bulky volumes.

Pan-Africanism's economic nationalism offers a sharp contrast, if not a very practical alternative. Go to Amazon. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. DPReview Digital Photography.

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Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard — , the best known of the British colonial officers to serve in Africa. In his most important work on British imperialism, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa , Lugard craftily articulated the basis for European imperial design in Africa and the dynamics of the colonial administrative system of indirect rule. In Lugard's discourse, European imperialism rested on the premise that the resources of Africa, perceived dormant, could be productively marshaled and utilized by the more technologically advanced imperial nations of Europe for the mutual benefits of the colonizer and the colonized. Lugard argued that Africa's enormous resources lay wasted not only because Africans did not recognize their uses and value, but also because they did not possess the know-how to develop and exploit them.

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Dual Mandate, Africa

The definitive defense of British colonial rule in Africa by its most eminent practitioner, this work catalogued the vast variety of administrative and development issues in the heyday of empire: systems of land tenure, direct and indirect administration through indigenous authorities, taxation, agricultural and mineral exploitation, education, transport, trade, legal development, and the eradication of indigenous forms of slavery. Lugard conceded that British methods had not produced ideal results everywhere, and that the time was not yet foreseeable when complete independence would be feasible for African colonies, but he argued with assurance, contrary to the skepticism expressed by the British Labour Party, that Britain's rule was fundamentally benign. Pure philanthropy, he wrote, could of course never be the motive of empire, yet the welfare and advancement of African peoples was a strong guiding principle of British rule, part of its "dual mandate" of reciprocal benefit. Where native races were becoming restive, he declared, it was precisely because of their exposure to British values of liberty: "Their very discontent is a measure of their progress. This site uses cookies to improve your user experience.

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The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa

The name 'Dealtry' was in honour of Thomas Dealtry , a friend of his father. When she rejected him, Lugard decided to make a fresh start in Africa. Around , a group of Swahili traders under Mlozi bin Kazbadema established trading bases in the north-west sector of Lake Malawi , including a stockade at Chilumba on the lake from where ivory and slaves could be shipped across the lake. In the African Lakes Company set up a base in Karonga to exchange ivory for trade goods from these Swahili merchants.

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