Mumme is 67 and is known for the trademark towel around his neck as well as offensive genius. When Dallas plays the New York Guardians Saturday, Mumme will call plays from the safety of the press box, the team announced. On another leg front for the Renegades, starting quarterback Landry Jones, who was injured on a quarterback sneak in the loss to the Roughnecks, will be out for two weeks after aggravating a knee injury he suffered on the first day of XFL training camp. The most intriguing schematic matchups of the NFL season.
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It had to be LSU that landed the final blow. You knew the battle was almost over when Nick Saban's Alabama changed its stripes, opened up its offense and kept winning. When the Los Angeles Rams nearly won the Super Bowl with a quarterback from an Air Raid offense, then the Kansas City Chiefs did win one with an even better Air Raider, the ref had to think seriously about stopping the fight.
But when LSU not only adopted a spread identity in , but then proceeded to put together maybe the best offensive season in the history of college football, the fight was done. The Tigers had come to personify Big Burly Manball more than anyone. They were the school of workhorse backs and impossibly physical defenses. They beat Alabama in while scoring six points in regulation, after all. But after a couple of aborted modernization attempts, head coach Ed Orgeron put together the perfect mix of personnel to operate a devastating, innovative spread offense.
Seven Tigers offensive players were selected in the NFL draft , and more will be next year. Despite ties to national titles won by Oklahoma , Florida , and Auburn , the spread was, for much of the s, still regarded by many as an alternative, as something you attempted if you had the perfect quarterback for it or if you didn't have the recruits to run a regular offense.
Everything else is the alternative now. The spread offense is the default college football offense, and considering which quarterbacks are getting selected the highest in the draft each year Baker Mayfield in , Kyler Murray in , Burrow in , it is the pro-style offense of the day too. Part of the draw of college football comes in the variety. There are lots of different ways to try to win a game; in a landscape that often includes dramatic talent differences among teams, a bold attempt to do something different can pay off handsomely, at least for a while.
After all, the spread revolution itself was defined by a series of bold gestures: Kentucky hiring Valdosta State head coach and Air Raid offensive mastermind Hal Mumme in , for instance, or new Tulane head coach Tommy Bowden hiring an unknown offensive coordinator named Rich Rodriguez from Glenville State, also in There is a place for bold and different in this sport.
Teams aren't throwing more, but they're throwing more efficiently. The spread revolution has been more or less defined by four innovations: the Air Raid, the zone read, tempo and the run-pass option. In , the year Mumme got his first collegiate head-coaching job at Iowa Wesleyan, the average top college football quarterback per passer rating averaged The average had jumped to This isn't the NFL, where analytics breakthroughs have led to higher pass rates.
For all the air-it-out attacks, there are still plenty of grind-it-outs. Mumme and Leach, however, still made a significant impact in both the literal spread of college football offenses, horizontally and vertically, and the development of the passing game itself. Offenses eventually said, 'We don't want to do this; we're gonna make you defend the entire field. Those mismatches, combined with better route combinations and a larger variety of receiving targets, have resulted in dramatically more efficient passing:.
Top 50 quarterbacks in Seventeen of the 20 highest single-season passer ratings ever, and each of the top eight, were recorded in the s. Mayfield set the bar at Tua Tagovailoa In , Iowa State's Bret Oberg ranked seventh in the country with a That would have ranked 44th in Rodriguez allegedly stumbled into the zone read concept when Glenville State quarterback Jed Drenning bobbled a snap while attempting to run an inside zone handoff.
He kept the ball instead, which fooled the defensive end, and took it upfield for a nice gain. Looking for any advantage he could find, Rodriguez put it in the playbook. It followed him to Tulane, Clemson and eventually West Virginia, where as head coach he won or shared parts of four Big East titles, booked three top finishes and nearly made the national title game.
If someone's having success, whether college, pro or even high school, coaches are gonna watch the film. I remember, I think it was the year we won the Sugar Bowl at West Virginia [in ], we might have had 50 other colleges visit us. And we were sharing everything! We might learn from you too! The zone read forced the defensive end to stop and read the situation instead of making an all-out charge at a shotgun quarterback.
It evened the numbers out, forcing defenses to account for an extra ball threat. This set into motion a fun game of cat and mouse. Defenses deployed safeties or outside linebackers as overhangs, protecting the end and positioning someone to tackle the QB on the keeper.
Offenses responded by throwing bubble screens and quick passes to the perimeter, while coaches such as Oregon's Chip Kelly had a lot of fun reading not only the end but basically every player near the line of scrimmage on the zone read.
And as defenses began to further reposition themselves horizontally, offenses began to look for ways to capitalize vertically. Enter the run-pass option. Joe Moorhead, now the offensive coordinator at Oregon after stints as Penn State's OC and Mississippi State's head coach, has a pretty clear memory of where the concept came about for him: "We were playing at Miami of Ohio in We called it 15 Lock Stick, and the [strongside] linebacker dove in to stop the inside zone, so we threw the ball to a tight end in the flat.
It was a run coupled with a throw off of a second-level defender," or what we now know as the RPO. Moorhead and other coaches began figuring out the guys in conflict -- guys with both run and pass responsibilities who had to react quickly to what was unfolding -- and reading them like they did the defensive end.
Whatever he chose to defend, the offense did the opposite. And if you can't play man" -- and only so many can -- "there are issues. But if it was a run, it was a run. Coaches would talk with other coaches about how to defend the dive-quarterback pitch: 'Get somebody inside the loaded [box], get somebody outside the loaded. The pitch man's just running a route down the field.
Rodriguez has found plenty of ways to implement the RPO game into his playbook. It's hard to see why you wouldn't. In , teams averaged By , that had sunk to an even That season, 22 teams snapped the ball at least 1, times. Led by examples such as Art Briles' Baylor and Kelly's Oregon, some spreads had grown devastating in their ability to maximize personnel advantages and keep defenses frazzled and scrambling with no-huddle attacks.
But I think that has totally flipped. A defense feels like they can communicate with one word, just like an offense can. One word can mean a coverage or a blitz or a front, whatever it might be. Their communication has caught up, and I don't think that just going fast all the time is necessarily the answer anymore. Indeed, by , FBS offenses were back to averaging 26 seconds between snaps, the lowest since Only eight had 1,plus snaps. Once offenses realized there wasn't as much of an advantage to tempo, it quickly became a situational thing.
You didn't hear any conversation about college football where someone was not talking about either how great the no-huddle was or a defensive coach was talking about how unfair it was. Now, no one even talks about it. It's just the way we play. After using a little bit of tempo, offenses reset before a big third-down call. And if you do that, you're playing back into the defense's hands.
On third down, you're gonna see a whole new crew come in, they're gonna have third-down personnel. If you're an offensive guy, you have the ability to not let them sub. We make a point of that: When we play teams that sub a lot, we're gonna go faster on third down. Today, offense comes down to reads and conflict. How much can your quarterback process both before the snap and directly after?
How well can your structure isolate specific defenders and make them guess wrong? That makes it tricky for a defense to scout opponents in the traditional way.
That's hard to decipher. They're so based on what you're doing, and what they do best in one game might not be what they do best in another. I think it used to be, a team lines up, and, 'Hey, they're a power team, a tight end run team, an inside zone team.
Heacock set up his Iowa State defense, then, to show as little as possible. He crafted a unique version of the defense, with a tight front three and eight players who swarm to the ball. In a way, they do what offenses have long sought out to do -- create space for their runners. Their effect is to prevent big plays and force offenses to tolerate going five yards at a time. But when you look out there on offense, everything looks the same.
That's where you're trying to get an advantage. Other defenses have gone in a different direction. If the spread offense is about getting defenses to declare themselves, declare the thing offenses are least interested in doing. You tell them what you want them to do and then force them to do it. You can do that in part with the alignment of your players. You also can do it by convincing the quarterback he sees something he doesn't.
Now we had the luxury of having players who could do what we asked 'em to do -- it comes back to talent and having the players -- but it helped us some. Now the key to that is being able to hold up in the run game. So you've gotta have the right kind of DB. But Auburn held LSU to 5. We tell our quarterbacks, 'Find the proof.
Renegades' OC Hal Mumme coached on sidelines after breaking leg
Hal Mumme is in his fourth season as the Belhaven University head coach. Mumme is widely credited with being one of the innovators of the Air Raid Offense. He also coached at the high school level in Texas from to and to We started spreading the ball around and spreading the kids out. Styles matter.
Air raid offense
The system is designed out of a shotgun formation with four wide receivers and one running back. The formations are a variation of the run and shoot offense with two outside receivers and two inside slot receivers. The offense also uses trips formations featuring three wide receivers on one side of the field and a lone single receiver on the other side. The offense owes much [ clarification needed ] to the influence of BYU head coach LaVell Edwards who used the splits and several key passing concepts during the s, s, and s while coaching players such as Jim McMahon , Steve Young , Robbie Bosco , and Ty Detmer. Mike Leach has made reference that he and Hal Mumme largely incorporated much of the BYU passing attack into what is now known as the air raid offense. Some of the concepts such as the shallow cross route were incorporated into such offenses as the West Coast offense during the early s as well, prominently under Mike Shanahan while he was the head coach of the Denver Broncos. The offense first made its appearance when Mumme and Leach took over at Iowa Wesleyan College and Valdosta State University and had success [ clarification needed ]   there during the late s and early s.
How the spread offense conquered college football, from Hal Mumme to Joe Burrow
Hal Clay Mumme born March 29, is an American football coach and former player. Mumme is known for being one of the founders of the air raid offense. While an undergraduate, he was a member of the Kappa Alpha Order fraternity. Mumme's coaching career began as the offensive coordinator at Foy H. In , he was the head coach at Aransas Pass High School. During his time as a high school and college assistant coach Mumme developed an unorthodox, pass-oriented offensive attack that proved very successful at moving the ball, gaining yardage and scoring points.
Hal Mumme & The Air Raid Offense (Ep. 822)
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