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The Villagers is a story of the ruthless exploitation and extermination of an Indian village of Ecuador by its greedy landlord. First published in , it is here available for the first time in an authorized English translation. Deeply moving in the dramatic intensity of its relentless evolution and stark human suffering, Icaza's novel has been translated into eleven foreign languages, including Russian and Chinese, and has gone through numerous editions in Spanish, including a revised and enlarged edition in , on which this translation is based, but it has never before been authorized for translation into English.

His first novel, but not his first published work, The Villagers is still considered by most critics as Icaza's best, and it is widely acclaimed as one of the most significant works in contemporary Latin American literature. Thirty years after its original publication in Ecuador, The Villagers still carries a powerful message for the contemporary world and an urgent warning.

The conditions here portrayed prevail in these areas, even today. Trying to scrape together a living, utilized at will as A gripping and tragic tale of an Ecuadorian native and his fate at the hands of the local landowner, Don Pereira. In the vein of Steinbeck, the book is a statement and protest against the treatment of The author, Jorge Icaza , was born in , in Quito, Ecuador, where he still lives and where he owns and manages a book store.

A dramatist and a short-story writer as well as a novelist, Icaza is the author of over fifteen plays, collections of stories, and six novels. His most recent novel, El Chulla Romero y Flores , appeared in The translator, Bernard M. Dulsey, who received his doctorate from the University of Illinois, is prose fiction editor for Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia for the Handbook of Latin American Studies , the yearly publication of the Library of Congress, and a contributor to various scholarly journals in this country and abroad.

Jorge Icaza.



Jorge Icaza. This Huaisipungo edition is based on the author's definitive revision that was published in Among Ecuadorian writers, Icaza is perhaps the most renowned internationally due in great part to the publication of this novel in In it he proclaimed to the world the injustices to which the powerful landowners in an unholy alliance with the clergy held subjected the large indigenous population of Ecuador. The oligarchy of his country had throughout its history degraded them, violated any human right they were entitle to, took away anything of value that they possessed; in essence they considered the Indian population as entities that could be used and be disposed of at will. Through the suffering he is forced to endure, he, as a heroic figure, realizes that the patch of land that he has always labored is land that belongs to them, to all who had labored it and improved it. Atavistic wisdom had taught him that one must oppose and combat despotism.


Huasipungo hispanicized spelling from Kichwa wasipunku or wasi punku , wasi house, punku door, [1] "house door" is a novel by Jorge Icaza of Ecuador. Huasipungo became a well-known " Indigenist " novel, a movement in Latin American literature that preceded Magical Realism and emphasized brutal realism. Huasipungo is often compared to John Steinbeck 's Grapes of Wrath from , as both are works of social protest. Besides the first edition of , Huasipungo went through two more editions or complete rewritings in Spanish, , , , the first of which was difficult for even natives of other Hispanic countries to read and the last the definitive version. Besides being an "indigenist" novel, Huasipungo has also been considered a proletarian novel , in that Latin America had to substitute the Indians for the working class as a model or character of proletarian literature.

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