Lal Ded — , known as Laleshwari in other parts of the subcontinent, was a Kashmiri mystic of the Kashmir Shaivism school of philosophy. Known as Lal Vakhs, her verses are the earliest compositions in the Kashmiri language and are an important part in the history of modern Kashmiri literature. Lalleshwari was born in Pandrethan ancient Puranadhisthana about 4. From her vakhs, it is thought that she was educated in the early part of her life at her father's house.
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Lal Ded — , known as Laleshwari in other parts of the subcontinent, was a Kashmiri mystic of the Kashmir Shaivism school of philosophy. Known as Lal Vakhs, her verses are the earliest compositions in the Kashmiri language and are an important part in the history of modern Kashmiri literature. Lalleshwari was born in Pandrethan ancient Puranadhisthana about 4.
From her vakhs, it is thought that she was educated in the early part of her life at her father's house. She continued the mystic tradition of Shaivism in Kashmir, which was known as Trika before Whatever work I did became worship of the Lord; Whatever word I uttered became a prayer; Whatever this body of mine experienced became the sadhana of Saiva Tantra illumining my path to Parmasiva.
While the above translation uses the hindu terms in the translation that are actually there in the original, Lal Ded has since been appropriated by later day Islamic culture and analysed from Sufi prism. Whatever work I've done, whatever I have though, was praise with my body and praise hidden inside my head. It was Lal Ded who breast-fed him. Lal Ded and her mystic musings continue to have a deep impact on the psyche of Kashmiris, and the National Seminar on her held at New Delhi led to the release of the book Remembering Lal Ded in Modern Times.
Murphy calls her the "chief exponent of devotional or emotion-oriented Triadism". What this points to is the non-sectarian nature of Lal Ded's spiritual life and her song-poems. Yet, her life and work have been used for various religious and political agendas over time. As author and poet Ranjit Hoskote writes:. For most of that period, she has successfully eluded the proprietorial claims of religious monopolists.
Since the s, however, Kashmir's confluential culture has frayed thin under the pressure of a prolonged conflict to which transnational terrorism, State repression and local militancy have all contributed. Religious identities in the region have become harder and more sharp-edged, following a substantial exodus of the Hindu minority during the early s, and a gradual effort to replace Kashmir's unique and syncretically nuanced tradition of Islam with a more Arabocentric global template.
It is true that Lal Ded was constructed differently by each community, but she was simultaneously Lallesvari or Lalla Yogini to the Hindus and Lal'arifa to the Muslims; today unfortunately, these descriptions are increasingly being promoted at the expense of one another.
Beyond several new translations of Lal Ded's vakh, there are other contemporary performative arts that are based on Lal Ded's life and poetry. For example, there are contemporary renditions of Lal Ded's poetry in song. In addition, a solo play in English, Hindi, and Kashmiri titled Lal Ded based on her life has been performed by actress Mita Vashisht across India since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Lal Ded. Chitkara 1 January Kashmir Shaivism: Under Siege. APH Publishing. Kashmiri Pandit Community: A Profile. Mittal Publications. Word of Lalla the Prophetess. Kessinger Publishing.
Lal Ded: The great Kashmiri saint-poetess. New Delhi: A. Naked Song. Maypop Books. Warikoo 1 January Cultural Heritage of Jammu And Kashmir. Pentagon Press. All for theatre. The Hindu , 7 November Categories : Hindu female religious leaders Hindu mystics Kashmiri Shaivites Hindu poets Kashmiri poets Indian women poets births deaths 14th-century Indian poets 14th-century Indian women writers 14th-century Indian writers Hindu saints Women mystics.
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Account Options Sign in. Top charts. New releases. Add to Wishlist. This app on Lal Ded has been constructed by the process of restructuring a lot of literature books and other source material. Care has been taken not to violate the spirit of the original vakh and its meaning.
Five poems by Lal Ded, the Kashmiri mystic who merged erotic and spiritual longing in her poetry
Kashmir has produced many saints, poets and mystics. Among them, Lal Ded is very prominent. In Kashmir, some people consider her a poet, some consider her a holywoman and some consider her a sufi, a yogi, or a devotee of Shiva. Some even consider her an avtar. But every Kashmiri considers her a wise woman. Every Kashmiri has some sayings of Lalla on the tip of his tongue. The Kashmiri language is full of her sayings.